Lepidla od A do Z

A ABS - Aqueous

ABS

Acrylonitrile, Butadiene Styrene. Thermoplastic used in industry for rigid, light and moulded products

Abrasive paper (sandpaper, carborandum paper)

Sheets covered with abrasive material, which are very supple and resistant and used either manually or on various machines in order to smooth down all types of metal, woods, plastics…

Acetate

 Salt or chemical ester whose formula is CH[e]3[/e]COO-

Acetate polyvinyl

Also called vinyl polyacetate or PVA.Glue called "white glue" used for porous materials. Its utilization is very popular for the binding of books

Acetic acide

C[e]2[/e]H[e]4[/e]0[e]2[/e]. Corrosive acid present in vinegar that can be used as an antiseptic or disinfectant

Aceton

Rozpouštědlo k ředění lepidel a materiálů. Je používán především jako čistič nevytvrzených lepidel a jako odmašťovadlo.

Acetone

CH[e]3[/e]COOCH[e]3[/e] A solvent used to make soluble organic species and for dissolving glue and cellulose based fibres.

Acetylene

C[e]2[/e]H[e]2[/e] Reacts with chloridic acid to produce vinyl chloride. Its high temperature combustion point enables the soldering of metals such as aluminium,inox,copper, and alloys.

Acrylate

CH[e]2[/e]=CHCOO- Ester of the vinyl family

Acrylic

Acrylate based synthetic fibre

Akrylát (PVAC)

Materiál na disperzní bázi používaný pro výrobu lepidel a tmelů.

Alkaline

Metal based on hydroxide of alkaline or ammonium. The alkaline metals include lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and cesium

Alkalinity

Material composed of the hydroxyde of a alkaline or ammonium metal

An overflow

Excess of a substance e.g excess of glue

Anaerobic

series of chemical reactions of an organism in an environment devoid of oxygen

Anhydrous

Referring to an element containing no water

Anionic surfactant

Also called anionic tensio-active. Compound with a high foam and detergent power which can be found in detergents and cosmetics

Aqueous

substance/ material containing water

B Beveled edge - Butanone

Beveled edge

An edge, e.g. edge of a table,frame etc., cut at an angle.

Biodegradable

Used to describe a manufactured good which decomposes naturally and quickly to become growth or fertilizing element particles for plants.

Braid

A woven or braided strip made for decorative purposes

Butanone

C[e]4[/e]H[e]8[/e] Colourless liquide used as an industrial solvent

C CSTB - Cyanosis

CSTB

French public research institute aimed at improving the comfort and security in the construction sector. Cf.British private sector institute BRE group.

CTBH

code used to describe a plywood which is resistant to dampness and water. These codes refer to established standards. Ex. in U.K. WBP plywood.

CTBX

Code used to describe a type of plywood

Camaieux

A paint using one colour in several tonal variations

Capillarity action

The action of a liquid (elevation or depression) in relation to solids whether by contact or simple proximity.

Casein

Protein or fibre obtained from milk and used as a binding element in paint.

Cationic

Adjective referring to the reaction of an ion or group of ions in cathode, that is to say when the electrical charge exits in an electrolyser

Celluloid

Earliest plastic manufactured from nitrocellulose and camphor

Cellulose

(C[e]6[/e]H[e]10[/e]0R)[e]n[/e] Carbohydrate component to be found in the walls of vegetable cells

Cellulosic

Containing cellulose or a component of the cellulose family

Chip board

Name for a solid compact mass of distinct elements (wood for example)

Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride

Very resistant PVC  which is not subject to corrosion

Clamp

A tool used in carpentry or building which enables two elements to be placed in conatct mechanically.

Co-extruded

Multi-layer plastic obtained from extrusion

Coated with plastic

Covered with a thin plastic layer

Collodion

Mixture of ether and alcohol

Copolymer

Chemical compound of macromolecules made up of different monomers

Crepe

A light, thin fabric with a wrinkled surface.

Cross-linkage / reticulation

Refers to the modification of a polymer through the linking of micromolecules

Cyanoacrylate

An adhesive derived from cyanoacrylic acid enabling a particularly solid bonding

Cyanosis

A product derived from cyanoacrylate

D Decorating table - Dřevotřísková deska

Decorating table

Working table used to prepare wall paper

Dextrin

Product derived from the degradation of starch through heating or hydrolysis used to make glues.

Dilatation joint

A joint which takes into account movements due to severe temperature variations.

Dimethacrylate

Junction agent between polymers and elastomers

Doba vytvrzení

Doba potřebná pro dosažení konečné pevnosti spoje. Při zatížení nedokonale vytvrzeného lepidla může dojít k porušení spoje.

Dual level

Manufactured in order to have two levels

Dřevotřísková deska

Desky vytvořené lepením a lisováním dřevěných odštěpků.

E EPS - Extrusion

EPS

Also called PSE. It's a white and solid foam usually used to protect objects

Elastomer

Elastic polymer extracted from the rubber tree (Amazonian forest) and which includes rubber, latex, neoprene and silicon

Embrossed

A decoration made up of projecting intercrossing lines.

Emulsion

Continious diffusion of one liquid into another which produces a heterogeneous environment

Epoxide

Cyclic ether entering into the preparation of solvent and plastics

Epoxidic

That which encloses epoxide

Epoxidové lepidlo

Epoxidová lepidla se skládají ze dvou složek – pryskyřice a tvrdidla. Jsou známé svou vysokou pevností, univerzálností a odolností. Běžně se dodávají ve dvou tubách nebo speciálních výtlačných stříkačkách.

Epoxy

Macromolecular compound made of cyclic ethers entering into the preparation of solvent and plastics

Ethylene

C[e]2[/e]H[e]4[/e] Hydrocarbon also called R1150. Part of the creation of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and in various plastic materials

Expanded polyethylene

Polyethylene where the volume has been augmented

Expanded vinyl in relief

Type of expanded vinyl wall paper

Extrusion

Referring to the action of pushing plastic through a spinneret in order to fluidify it

F Filling-up - Fungicide, antifungus agent

Filling-up

Action of filling-up a crack or a hole

Fireproof

Refers to something which is covered with a substance and which will only burn with great difficulty.

Flextec

Technology enabling the making of flexible bondings in extreme conditions while still keeping a high tack  

Flextec®

Polymerová technologie patentovaná společností Henkel nabízející vysokou flexibilitu spoje a vysokou pevnost i v těch nejnáročnějších podmínkách. Neobsahuje rozpouštědla ani isokyanáty. Lepidla na bázi Flextec® polymeru vytvrzují vlhkostí.

Floating installation

Putting down parquet flooring by fitting together the planks, without fixing them on the ground

Floating parquet

Wooden parquet type flooring when the planks are not fixed on the floor but only fitted together

Framing clamp, joiner

System allowing the sticking of frames

Fungicide

Product preventing fungus growth

Fungicide, antifungus agent

A term used to qualify a product which protects wood against lignivorous micro-plants and preventing their coming back

G Glycero - Grouting joints

Glycero

C[e]3[/e]H[e]8[/e]0[e]3[/e] By-product of the reaction of saponification taking place in the making of various medecines but also in the manufacture of cellophane

Grouting joints

A joint surrounding the contours of an element such as a floor tile.

H Heptane - Hydrometry

Heptane

C[e]7[/e]H[e]16[/e] Hydrocarbon

Hobby lepidla

Řada lepidel Pattex speciálně určena pro výtvarné a dekorační práce v domácnosti. Tyto lepidla jsou vhodná pro většinu materiálů, vč. papíru, lepenky, skla apod. Lepidla jsou transparentní a nezanechávají viditelné skvrny.

Hotmelt

Qualifies a physical contact melted-form glue

Hybrid polymer

Polymer, the terminations of which have been modified artificially in order to increase adhesion

Hydrocarbon

An element composed of carbon and hydrogen, but also referring to oil and natural gas.

Hydrometry

A science measuring the properties of water

J Jednosložkové lepidlo

Jednosložkové lepidlo

Druh lepidla, které není nutné míchat s žádným tvrdidlem, ale vytvrzuje samo o sobě (známé také jako 1K lepidla)

K Konečná pevnost - Kontaktní lepidlo

Konečná pevnost

Maximální pevnost lepidla dosažená po definovaném časovém intervalu od aplikace.

Kontaktní lepidlo

Lepidla určená k pevnému spojení dvou povrchů. Nanáší se na obě lepené plochy a je nutné odvětrání rozpouštědla. Vytváří vysoce pevný spoj ihned po stlačení povrchů k sobě, nelze však již dodatečně upravit jejich polohu.

L LPG - Lintel

LPG

Also called liquefied petroleum gas. Residue from oil extraction generally used as fuel

Laminated

Referring to a material made up of several identical layers stuck together by a resin or silicon

Laminátová deska

Deska vytvořená lepením a listováním několika vrstev základního materiálu.

Lepidlo na dřevo

Speciální lepidlo navržené pro maximální pevnost spoje při lepení dřevo na dřevo. Založené nejčastěji na polyuretanové nebo polyvinylalkoholové bázi.

Levelling

action of levelling a wall or relief i.e. raised surface

Lintel

Horizontal support above a door, window or bay window holding up the remaining masonery.

M MCX - Mounting

MCX

Methyl Cellulose eXtra Glue for wall paper

MDF

Medium Density Fiberboard. Wood fiber composite of medium density mainly used in decorating and fitting-out

MDF desky (medium density fiberboard)

Středně tvrdé dřevovláknité desky používané především při výrobě nábytku a úpravách interiérů.

MS Polymer

Polymer Silicone Sealant

Manifold / hose

A tube made mainly of rubber used in the car industry to convey air or fuel from different parts of the engine

Matrix / guide

A model which enables the tracing out of certain objects or for respecting reglementary dimensions of an object.

Mercaptan

Also called Thion. An organic compound comparable to alcohols which has the particularity of reacting with mercury ions. Mercaptan is characterised by its strong and unpleasant smell.

Metal-cleaning

An action which aims at removing the oxides from the surface of a metal.

Methyl cellulose

A water soluble compound to be found in water based paints, textil size and in the making of cardbooards

Montážní lepidlo

Slouží k lepení předmětů jako čistá a praktická náhrada vrtání a používání hmoždinek a hřebíků. Jsou dostupná v kartuších pro standardní aplikační pistoli i v obalech s vlastní spouští. U montážních lepidel nedoporučujeme lisování pomocí přípravků nebo nástrojů, v tomto případě stačí přitlačení.

Mortar

A mixture of sand, cement and water for building and redering purposes

Mounting

Refers to the action of pasting up wallpaper with a pressing movement from the centre to the sides.

N Neoprene - Nozzle

Neoprene

Also called polychloroprene, neoprene is a synthetic rubber.

Nesavý materiál

Tyto matriály nemají schopnost nasávat vodu, rozpouštědla apod. Jsou to např. kovy, plasty a další materiály. Při lepení dvou nesavých povrchů je nutné použít chemicky vytvrzující lepidlo.

Nitrocellulose

Collodion is the term given to jellified nitrocellulose.

Non-woven

A cellulose and polyester fibre based textile which is particulary resistant and easy to put up.

Nozzle

A narrow tube enabling a liquid to be injected into an orifice or onto a surface.

O Oakum

Oakum

Strands coming from hemp or linen

P PTFE - Primer coat

PTFE

Also calledTéflon®. CF[e]2[/e]-CF[e]2[/e] polymer with high resistance to chemical products, heat. Can be found on non adhesive coatings

PU

Also called Polyurethane. Urethane polymer used in wood glue due to its water resistance

Pasting

Referring to the action of putting glue  or paste on an object. Glue for wood, paper etc. paste for wallpaper, posters etc.

Phenol-formaldehyde

Polymer used in making glues and adhesives

Phenolic nitrile

Physical contact glue. Adhesion takes place with the evaporation of solvent

Phenolic resin

Resin resisting to the temperature variations mainly used in the building sector and in the transport industry

Photocurable

Chains of polymers which join together when in contact with light and which form a network

Piece of wood

A supporting length of wood used in construction work. Sometimes called a bracket.

Plastisol

Paste coming from the scattering of polymer powder in a plasticizer

Plovoucí podlaha

Podlaha z dřevěných nebo laminátových parket kdy nejsou parkety přímo slepeny s podkladem, ale jen jednotlivě mezi sebou.

Polyacrylic

Acrylic bind  which polymerises while drying, taking on the aspect of thick paste in strong glues

Polyamide

Polymers used in the making of plastic material in the textil industry

Polyane

A soft, resistant and inflammable plastic.

Polyane film

Plastic waterproof film used in the making of barriers against water and vapor 

Polybenzimidazole

Known under the abbreviation PBI. A very resistant Synthetic fibre  more
particularly used in the making of ropes and joints which are very resistant to high temperature

Polychloroprene

Very frequently called neoprene. Synthetic elastomer

Polyester

Polymers which patterns are related by ester functions

Polyethane dimethacrylate

Bi composant glue

Polyethylen (PE)

Lehký plast, snadno tavitelný a neformovatelný. Díky struktuře jeho povrchu je jen velmi špatně lepitelný běžnými lepidly.

Polyethylene

Plastic material

Polymer

Macromolecule composed of a repeated pattern. Among these polymers, we can count rubber, cellulose, polyamide and polyethylene

Polymerization

Jointing of several identical molecules (pattern) to form a polymer macromolecule

Polymerize

Referring to the action of joining several identical molecules to form a polymer

Polymethyl

Polymethyl. Transparent thermoplastic

Polyol

C[e]n[/e]H[e]2n[/e]+2O[e]n[/e] Also called glycol or polyalcohol,  is used in making foam

Polypropylen (PP)

Lehký plast používaný pro výrobu obalů, vybavení domácnosti, v automobilovém průmyslu apod. Díky struktuře jeho povrchu je jen velmi špatně lepitelný běžnými lepidly.

Polypropylene

Also called PP (CH[e]2[/e]-CH-CH[e]3[/e])[e]n[/e]. Polymer with a propylene pattern used in the car industry, for plastic pieces such as a bumpers, but also in  food packaging and in types of paper.

Polyquinoxaline

Polymer used  in various adhesive products but also in varnishes and non-driving films

Polystyren

Velmi lehký typ plastu, odolný proti vlhkosti a s vynikajícími tepelně izolačními parametry. Obsahuje až 90 % vzduchu a je plovoucí. K lepení polystyrenu se ideálně hodí např. speciální lepidlo Pattex Styropor.

Polystyrène

Also called PS. Coming from the polymerisation of styren. It Is most commonly used under its expanded form as a white protective foam. Also present in the making of rigid plastic and food packaging

Polythene

(CH[e]2[/e]=CH[e]2[/e])[e]n[/e] Plastic at the root of inert plastic also called under the abbrevation PE, usually used in plastic bags

Polyurethan (PU)

Polymer obsahující isokyanáty.

Polyurethane

Also called PU. Urethane polymer used in wood glue due to its water resistance

Polyvinyl

Also called polyvinyl polymer. One of the main components of white glue

Polyvinyl Carbonate (PVC)

Pružný plast používaný k izolaci elektrických kabelů, k výrobě hadic a podlahových krytin.

Polyvinyl acetate

CH[e]2[/e]-CH-O-COH[e]3[/e] thermoplastic polymer used in the elaboration of adhesives, films, varnishes and paints.

Polyvinyl chloride

Also called Polychloride vinyl. CH2=CHCl Polymer usually used in the sticking and soldering but also in the creation of various types of plastic such as the one used for pipes

Polyvinyl chloride

CH[e]2[/e]=CHCl Combination of chloride and polyvinyl which is part of the conception of an ester or ether

Počáteční přilnavost (pevnost)

Míra pevnosti spoje ihned po přitlačení lepených ploch. Důležitá zejména pro montážní lepidla.

Prepolymer

Mixture of monomer and polymer aiming at  polymerization

Pressure gauge

An instrument for measuring the pressure of a fluid.

Primer coat

Coating which increases the adhesion of a floor, or of  paint.

R Radical - Rozpouštědlo (ředidlo)

Radical

Polymerization of radical chemical species

Remover / stripper

 That which removes or strips

Rozpouštědlo (ředidlo)

Tekutý organický materiál schopný ředit lepidla a barvy bez ovlivnění jejich vlastností. Některá rozpouštědla jsou vysoce toxická (např. aceton, toluen,…).

S SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) - Sádrokartonové desky

SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber)

A synthetic rubber, also called Styrene butadiene rubber, present in tyres, chewing gum and in cars.

Saltpeter

A residue of bacterial development in the form of white fibres on walls or floors of buildings

Savý materiál

Tyto materiály mají schopnost nasávat vodu, rozpouštědla apod. Jsou to např. dřevo, papír a další materiály. Některá lepidla (např. akrylátová) pro správné vytvrzení vyžadují, aby byly lepené povrchy nasákavé.

Scouring agent

A product which effectively removes the oxides from the surface of a metal

Screeding

Referring to the action of causing all the bumps, and depressions on the ground

Sekundová lepidla

Často zvané také kyanoakrylátová lepidla, je skupina lepidel dosahující své konečné pevnosti několik sekund po aplikaci. Prodávají se běžně v malých kovových tubách.

Self-amalgamating

 That which combines or unites hetergenous elements automatically

Shoring up

Describes the manner by which part of a construction is held up by wooden or metal joists.

Silicone

Also called polysiloxane. Polymer allowing, in different forms, the manufacturing of plenty of products. It can take a liquid form, sopple, solid and can be found in glues, sealants and other adhesives

Silikon

Silikon je elastický těsnící tmel, vynikající svou vodoodpudivostí, vysokou pružností a teplotní odolností. Tmely na bázi silikonu jsou chemicky vytvrzující absorpcí vzdušné vlhkosti.

Sisal

A fiber textile derived from a mexican plant (agave) used to make cord and certain textiles.

Skirting board

The lower part of a wall or pillar in contact with the ground. Often added to the base of a wall.

Solvent

That which contains a solvent

Solvent

A substance possessing the quality of being able to dissolve other substances without altering or degrading their chemical properties

Speciální lepidla

Kategorie lepidel přesně zacílených na konkrétní druh materiálu nebo aplikace, jako je lepení kůže, porcelánu, plastů, polystyrenu, obuvi apod. Tyto lepidla jsou přesně navržena pro maximální kvalitu lepeného spoje daného materiálu.

Starchy

containing starch

Substrate

An element undergoing changes  which are examined after a chemical reaction.

Sulfonate

SO[e]2[/e]OH Can be found in certain salts and esters

Surfactant

A two part molecule one of which reacts to water and the other to oily substances. These molecules are particularly present in detergents.

Sádrokartonové desky

Desky používané zejména při dokončovacích pracích v interiéru a při rekonstrukcích. Skládá se ze dvou tvrdých kartonů mezi nimiž je slisovaná sádrová hmota.

T Tack - Třída D1 - D4

Tack

Properties of immediate support of a glue or a sealant. The glued object is instantly maintained on a surface (even vertical) but it hasn't got all the adhesive properties of glue. It is important to wait until it is dry, according to the guidelines, before subjecting the object to any pressure.

Tackifier

Gives instant adhesion. This adhesion is nevertheless not definitive and a defined drying period is neccessary before subjecting the glued object to any pressure. This drying time lapse is indicated on the product.

Tacky dry

Application and drying time before sticking of a layer of adhesive on a surface

Tavná lepidla

Lepidla, která je nutné před použitím roztavit. Po jejím opětovném ztuhnutí vytváří flexibilní a odolný spoj. Jsou dodávané většinou ve formě válečků, které se vkládají do nahřívací pistole a jsou pomalu vytlačovány spouští.

Teflon

Druh plastu vysoce odolný proti chemikáliím a oxidaci. Je mimořádně odolný proti vysokým teplotám, a to až do +250 °C a má nepřilnavý povrch. Kvůli tomu ho nelze lepit běžnými lepidly. Používá se pro nástroje a nářadí vystavené silnému chemickému zatížení, kuchyňské potřeby apod.

Teflon

Also called polyetrafluorethylene or PTFE. Polymer with a high resistance  to chemical products and heat, can also be found in non adhesive coatings.

Tetrahydrofuran

Also called tetrahydrofurane. Ether is usually used as a solvent

Thermo hygrometry

Measure of the humidity of a place according to the heat and the pourcentage of humidity present

Thermofusible

Used to describe a substance which gives rise to adhesion when heated.

Thermoplastic

Polymer having the particularity of becoming liquid, soft due to heat and also to become malleable

To catalyze

To modify the speed of a chemical reaction without modifiying the end product of the reaction

To extrude

Referring to the action of pushing plastic through a spinneret in order to fluidify it

To exude

The action of releasing a liquid that seeps in contact with walls

To groove

Describes a surface marked with cavities or grooves.

To gum / to stick

To apply and drying time before sticking a layer of adhesive on the surface

To level off

To put at the same surface level a wall or raised surface.

To mount

Stick by exerting a pressure from the centre to the sides

To paste

Referring to the action of putting paste on an object such as wallpaper

Trichloroethylene

C[e]2[/e]HCl[e]3[/e] Also called ethylene trichloride or trichlo. This is a chemical compound usually used as a solvent and which has the particularity of not being very inflammable

Trimmings

Activity concerned with decorative details

Těsnicí tmel

Materiál používaný k utěsňování mezer mezi dvěma materiály, proti prostupu vody, tlumení vzájemných pohybů částí, lepení apod. Tmely jsou elastičtější než montážní lepidla.

Třída D1 - D4

Označení, specifikující odolnost lepidel na dřevo vůči vlhkosti.

D1 – neodolává vlhkosti

D2 – částečně odolné ,vhodné pro interiéry

D3 – vodovzdorné pro občasné namáhání vlhkostí

D4 – plně vodovzdorné

U Univerzální lepidlo - Urea-formaldehyde

Univerzální lepidlo

Lepidlo vytvářející pevný spoj na široké škále povrchů (savých i nesavých) v nejrůznějších aplikacích. Může být flexibilní. Vytvrzuje pomaleji než sekundová lepidla (cca 5 až 30 min.), ale po vytvrzení je odolnější a stabilnější.

Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride

Referring to a non plastified PVC not subject to corrosion

Urea-formaldehyde

Synthetic glue

V Vinyl - Vytvrzování (schnutí)

Vinyl

That which contains vinyl

Vinyl acetate

CH3COO-CH=CH2 present in solution form in solvents. Also in the make up of certain textiles and paper.

Vinyl ethylene acetate

Name given to a thermoplastic copolymer which possesses the characteristics of a thermofusible glue.

Vodou ředitelné lepidlo

Lepidla, která lze bez změny jejich kvality ředit vodou.

Vodovzdornost

Schopnost materiálu odolávat působení vysoké vlhkosti vzduchu a vodě.

Vyrovnání podkladu

Úprava podkladu speciální vyrovnávací hmotou.

Vytvrzování (schnutí)

Proces, kdy dochází k vytvrzení lepidla. Např. absorpcí vlhkosti nebo chemickou reakcí.

W WRAS - Width, strip

WRAS

Water regulations advisory scheme concerned with the quality of water.

Water soluble starch

stock of intracellular carbohydrate soluble in water or in a aqueous environment

Water-soluble

That which is soluble in water or in a watery environment

Waterproofing

That which offers a protection against dampness and water.

Width, strip

Refers to the width or length of a piece of wallpaper cut from a roll.By extension used also for a piece of cloth cut from a roll.

Z Základní nátěr (penetrace)

Základní nátěr (penetrace)

Nátěr zvyšující přilnavost lepidel nebo barev, zpevňující podklad a sjednocující jeho savost.